AP Environmental Science Review Books

November 6, 2015
The Best AP Computer Science
reproducibility

capable of being renewed/reproduced.

environmentalism

Being active in protecting/maintaining a clean/healthy environment.

winds

"horizontal movements" in the atmosphere caused by differences in atmospheric pressure and also the Earth's rotation

humus

the dark, crumbly, nutrient-rich material that results from the decomposition of organic material.

pathogens

bacteria, virus, or other microorganisms that can cause disease.

epicenter

spot on Earth's surface, directly above an earthquake's focus

gyres

Large, circular ocean current systems that often encompass an entire ocean basin

environmental ethics

Question the moral relationships humans have with our world.

consumption

the day-to-day use of environmental resources as food, clothing, and housing.

natural resources

biotic and abiotic natural ecosystems.

Southern Oscillation

the atmospheric pressure conditions corresponding to the periodic warming of El Nino and cooling of La Nina.

Westerlies

These prevailing winds come from the southwest in the Northern Hemisphere and northwest in the Southern Hemisphere

Nitrification

second step of nitrogen cycle. ammonia (NH3) or ammonium (NH4) is converted to nitrate by bacteria in the soil.

seismic waves

vibrations that spread through the lithosphere's rocks rapidly in all directions

moral extensionism

allowing people to be ethically significant and having certain inalienable rights.

double-blind design

Neither the subject nor the experimenters know who is being experimented with and who is controlled until afterwards.

transform boundary

also known as transform faults, boundaries at which plates are moving past each other, sideways.

jet stream

a high-speed, meandering wind current, generally moving from a westerly direction at speeds often exceeding 400 km (250 miles) per hour at altitudes of 15 to 25 km (10 to 15 miles).

primary consumers

this category includes organisms that consume producers (plants and algae).

secondary treatment

the biological treatment of wastewater in order to continue to remove biodegradable waste.

silt

soil with particles 0.002, 0.05 mm in diameter.

disease

occurs when infection causes a change in the state of health.

autotroph

an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eating other organisms or substances derived from other organisms. autotrophs use energy from the sun or from the oxidation of inorganic substances to make organic molecules from inorganic ones.

bioaccumulation

the accumulation of a substance, such as a toxic chemical, in various tissues of a living organism.

composting

a process that allows the organic material in solid waste to be decomposed and reintroduced into the soil, often as fertilizer.

erosion

the process of soil particles being carried away by wind or water. Erosion moves the smaller particles first and hence degrades the soil to a coarser, sandier, stonier texture.

greenhouse effect

the phenomenon whereby the Earth's atmosphere traps solar radiation, caused by the presence in the atmosphere of gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane that allow incoming sunlight to pass through, but absorb heat radiated back from the Earth's surface.

deforestation

the removal of trees for agricultural purposes or purposes of exportation.

transpiration

the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants

landslide

avalanche of rock, soil & debris that slides down a mountain. Often the result of an earthquake

instrumental value

tools/things created by humans only to be used by them.

dose-response curve

the result of graphing a dose-response analysis.

strip mining

involves the removal of the Earth's surface all the way down to the level of the mineral seam.

red tide

a bloom of dinoflagellates...

Source: www.coursehero.com
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