It’s not news that most holders of Ph.D.s in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields do not find careers in academe. A study released on 1 April by the American Institutes for Research, The Nonacademic Careers of STEM PhD Holders, casts revealing light on which Ph.D. researchers do what kind of nonacademic work. It also shows how gender, ethnic origin, and field of study relate to where they end up working. The study is based on data from the National Science Foundation's 2010 Survey of Doctorate Recipients, and it covered Ph.D. researchers who are U.S. citizens or permanent residents under the age of 76.
Here are some interesting points from the report:
Mathematics had the highest percentage of Ph.D. graduates working in academic positions—61%—while engineering had the lowest, at 26%.
- "Approximately half of Black, Hispanic, and White female STEM PhD holders and Black and Hispanic male STEM PhD holders were in nonacademic careers, whereas two thirds of Asian female STEM PhD holders and almost three fourths of Asian male STEM PhD holders were in nonacademic careers, " the report states. "About three fifths of White male STEM PhD holders were in nonacademic careers."
- Women of all ethnic groups were less likely to do R&D work than the men in their groups. Overall, about half the Ph.D. researchers doing nonacademic work focused on R&D. Among men and women, Asians had the highest percentages of working in R&D (66% and 58%, respectively). At 37%, black women were the least likely to work in R&D. Among men, whites were the least likely to do R&D work, at 57%.
- Most Ph.D. researchers doing nonacademic work were employed by government or for-profit companies. White, black, and Hispanic women were likelier to work in government and less likely to work in private companies than Asian women were, and less likely than men of all ethnic groups.
- Mathematics had the highest percentage of Ph.D. graduates working in academic positions—61%—while engineering had the lowest, at 26%.
Overall, about 20% of the Ph.D. researchers did not work in STEM fields. The number was highest (about 28%) for black, white, and Hispanic women. It was lowest for Hispanic men and Asian women (18%) and for Asian men (16%).london to paris london jeans brand a13 towards london traffic london department stores london stadium london in spanish london bridge arizona london young thug bridge beside london eye london tipton london covid london zoo beneath london documentary london christmas band underneath the tree london past and present london on da track songs london outdoor activities london behind time london inside out london king fallen london among the monster-hunting academics london but me london before it was london london gold london milano london newspapers best buy london london over thanksgiving like london grammar london past life regression london into inr london brown london via station inconnu london without gas london to amsterdam train london past weather london between christmas and new years london normandy house london dry gin london out of petrol london behind scenes london versus city of london london to edinburgh train london fog trench coat uk london time london to edinburgh london into london to paris train london by william blake analysis beneath london documentary london against king's indian london xoyo london under book buy house london london cook in front of you london square apartments london of liberty london against corona london did you screw this london latitude about london eye london through a lens london zack and cody london has fallen london pro lash london in spanish london grammar behind her eyes london during the blitz london ohio london broil london without ielts london lockdown until july london area code london around hiking london lockdown until july london against corona london pool top of building london johnson london within m25 london near river london lockdown until may london vacation rentals london calling london versus england london dry gin london jeans london with kids london since 1900 london pro massage london zones map like london and nip lyrics fallen london among the monster-hunting academics london barndance contra london population 2021 london over christmas building in front of london eye london auto sales london bus within 1 hour london dispersion forces london young until london london is behind me london against e5 london next week things to do london drive thru restaurant london system london time london of liberty london news london at midnight london past papers london until further notice london england london nothing but thieves london lies beneath review london christmas band underneath the tree london hotels london quick lube london nfl games london ky weather london as diet recipes london xrp london evening news archive around london poem london dispersion london has fallen cast london next to lockdown london mule london soccer teams hotels beside london city airport london versus paris london zones map london by citizen bike london without mask london beyond meat london through my eyes underneath london sky london by william blake london like tøj london queen london drive thru food london in december weather london against c5 london as a boy name london yard jlondonostyle london via train london in march behind london tooting london jobs london elementary school london in january